On the first part of this episode: The world is everything that is the case.

Aristotelian logic was mistaken both in details and overall conception, yet its key ideas survive in contemporary rationalism.


In the second part of this episode: Depends upon what the meaning of the word “is” is.

Formal logic successfully addresses important defects in traditional, Aristotelian logic, but cannot deal with contextuality.


In the third part of this episode: The value of meaninglessness.

Recognizing that some statements are neither true nor false was a major advance in early 20th-century rationalism.



Mentioned in this episode, is the hilarious and brilliant "What Is Wrong With Our Thoughts?" by David Stove.


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